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                                                              Early Francis Marion Symposium History 2003-2006
Francis Marion, the Swamp Fox, in miniature on our pin  Finding presenters & plans are in progress for Francis Marion Symposium Oct. 14-15, 2011

th Francis Marion/Swamp Fox Symposium:    
            October 14-15, 2011:  Francis Marion / Swamp Fox Symposium
Immerse yourself in Francis Marion's world and learn the significance of the Southern Campaign of the American Revolution.
Look: Revolutionary War Enthusiasts!!  Call for Papers.  Read on.
        The prime topic areas focus is on Marion
, explanations of the engagements and the war in South Carolina.    Gen. Francis Marion played a major role in the American Revolution.      Many of these engagements took place in the Clarendon County area.         According to Professor Henry Lumpkin about a third of all battles were fought in SC and Marion had a hand in roughly a third of those.  Topics relative to Marion & the Southern Campaign are considered. Plan & submit what you can present. Consider that you may need Toast Master experience.  9th Francis Marion Symposium   October 14-15, 2011    Mail your proposals to:  Attn: Francis Marion Symposium c/o C. Hester,  PO Box 667, Manning, SC 29102
Link for symposium_proposals_form to print.
  Topics nearing completion and being considered for presentations:
 Early Rev. Churches, Maps of Colonial Plats along the Santee, Charles Cotesworth Pinckney and Marion in various  locations and new research.
 Make plans to come: 9th Francis Marion Symposium   October 14-15, 2011
 Mail your registrations
to:  Attn: Francis Marion Symposium c/o C. Hester
 PO Box 667, Manning, SC 29102
 Link for symposium_registration_form to print
   9th Francis Marion Symposium  Register for October 14-15, 2011
    (Lectures, reception, lunch & dinner theater)  Price: $ 95     ($175 / couple)
    (Early bird $90/$165 by Sept 22)  Registration closes 10/3/11
Agenda in progress:  Friday, October 14, 2011  Agenda to be completed soon.
    2:00 PM  Registration / Sign-In / Welcome folders / Intros
    2:30 PM  Christine Swager: British Intentions Thwarted: How it all went wrong in SC    
    3:30 PM   Watkins & Queen w/ moderators: Plats & maps of 1750’s Santee River
    4:30 Depart for Tour enroute to Reception/Dinner
    6:00 PM   Reception, with Dinner in Manning
 Saturday, October 15, 2011  
    9:15 AM  Opening, Drinks & Breakfast Snacks /  Intros:
   9:30 AM   &  10:30 AM   & 11:30 AM   Presentations
 12:30 PM   Discussions and Lunch
  2:00 PM   &   3:00 PM   &   4:00 PM      Presentations
  5:00 PM  Displays/ Book Signings
  6:30 PM   An Evening in Revolutionary War History Dinner Theater
                  with Dr. Joe  Stukes as Charles Cotesworth Pinckney
 Site: DuBose Campus / Central Carolina Tech Col. Manning, SC.

You missed the best one yet. 8th Francis Marion/Swamp Fox Symposium:    
            October 15-16, 2010:  Francis Marion / Swamp Fox Symposium
    8th Francis Marion Symposium: "Explore General Marion and the Southern Campaign"
 Immerse yourself in Francis Marion's world and in the significance of the Southern Campaign of the Revolutionary War.
 Approx. Times:  Friday, Oct. 15, 2010: 2 PM - 9 PM and Saturday, Oct. 16, 2010: 9 AM - 10 PM
Francis Marion locations found in Jack Parker presented his new book. Site: FE DuBose Campus of  Central Carolina Technical College, I-95, Exit 122, ½ mi E on US 521, Manning, SC.
Learn more: 2010 Presentations * Best Attendees & Presenters Yet.
   Agenda: Friday, October 15, 2010 Val Green presented Indian history
   J. Parker:   Parker's Guide to the Revolutionary War in South Carolina with certain Marion sites
   V. Green:   Famous Indian town called Cofitachequi
       Saturday, October 16, 2010
    P. Proctor:  A Revolutionary War Backcountry Woman During the War
   W. Turbeville:  Christopher Gadsden
    G. Poteat:  Marion and his Intelligence Network - CIA
 Photos by G. Summers of Swamp Fox Murals
     D. Neilan:   Marion letters & research
     N. Davies:  Much Ado About Potatoes
     K. MacNutt:  Marion Images, Including Family Resemblances
     An Evening in Rev. History Dinner Theater With Our Favorite Historian J. Stukes as Otho Williams                   
   Symposium attendees enjoy the presentations        Francis Marion researcher, Karen MacNutt prepares for her presentation
  Sponsors 2010:    Bank of Clarendon, Manning; J & N Black, Manning; R. Bradshaw of Manning; Citizens Bank,  Turbeville; DuBose Campus, Central Carolina Technical College, Manning; Don Ellis, CPA, Manning; Farmers Telephone Coop, Kingstree; The Clarendon Citizen; In Honor of Rep. C. Harvin, Summerton; Manning IGA, L. Kennedy; Manning Restaurant; NBSC, Manning; Prothro Chevrolet, Manning; G & C Summers, Manning; Turbeville IGA Plus, H. Smith; Turbeville Ruritan Club; and W & D Turbeville, Manning.  

Payment:   Make check payable to Francis Marion Symposium (non-refundable after 10/8/11)

Mail to:  Francis Marion Symposium,  PO Box 667,  Manning, SC 29102

Questions call   803-478-2645  or E-mail

Book your own room and advise motel you are attending symposium for the special rates. 
Transportation and accommodations:  responsibility of attendee.

           DVD Videos, including this last year's Symposium, are NOW available: 2 years for $25, 1 for $15
In Clarendon Citizen - October 19, 2010 - By Chuck Waters  Francis Marion Symposium shows Otho Williams in Manning, SC  2010
Marion Symposium a hit again  
      The eighth Francis Marion Symposium was a great success - again. That is the thought of organizer George Summers of Manning. He and his wife, Carole, and a group of dedicated volunteers have been putting the symposium together for eight years and despite successful events in the past, this one ranks up there with the best. People from all across the country came to Clarendon County to listen, learn and even eat from the Revolutionary War era.
“All the presenters were exceptionally good this year,” said Summers. “It went better than we thought it would go. We had high expectations, but we exceeded those. It really came together this year.”
Chuck Waters/"The Clarendon Citizen" - Dr. Joseph Taylor Stukes is seen portraying
Continental Army Officer Otho Williams
during the Francis Marion Symposium.
Stukes spoke about Williams’ career, life and his role in strengthening the south.

The Summers received an email from a Charles Baxley, lawyer in Camden, commending them on their work to make the symposium a great experience.  His email read, “I thoroughly enjoyed this year’s Francis Marion Symposium. The pace seemed to be more relaxed this year. I thought the atmosphere was terrific. Thanks for all your hard work for making it happen.”
The Summers received numerous emails from other people also expressing their enjoyment of the event. Many of them have asked about future events and things Patti Proctor of Charlotte, NC portraies a Backcountry woman they can do to prepare for the future.      

The symposium got started Friday afternoon with two presentations.
The first was from John Parker; author of Parker’s Guide to the Revolutionary War in S.C. and the second was from Val Green speaking about the ancient Indian town named Cofitachequi.
 The night ended with a meal and a meet and greet event at the Manning Restaurant.
“I think this guy (Baxley) probably mirrors everybody,” said Summers. “They really liked the dinner at Manning Restaurant Friday night. They had a great time of fellowship and the food was tremendous.”
According to Summers, the highlight was Dr. Joseph Taylor Stukes’ portrayal of Otho Williams Saturday evening.
Stukes entered the stage following the dinner and portrayed Williams about being a military leader alongside Marion in the South. Wright Turbeville delivers Chris Gadsden to the Symposium
“Every presenter had stuff they’d dug out in their research that I personally had never heard before,” Summers said.
The South had an important role in the American Revolution and Summers said that a focal point of the symposium.
Gaining a better and clearer perspective on this area and what role it played in the Revolution to aid in the formation of the country was something the Summers and each participant aimed for.
“I think the participants took away a greater appreciation for the part of South Carolina played in the American Revolution,” Summers said. “In particular, the Southern Campaign of the American Revolution. The action was in our area of South Carolina. I think that was fairly evident to everybody.”
With the success of the symposium and great feedback from attendees, Summers definitely wants to put together a ninth symposium. Even though they do not begin the planning process until the spring, the organizers have ideas and interested individuals possibly lined up. “I don’t think we’ll change it much,” Summer said. “We’ll have different presentations with different presenters; but the format will stay the same. After eight years, we have the schedule worked out. “We already have people talking about what they’re doing in their research and what they would like to present.”

  2009 Agenda Presentations: Happened not to be the Last Symposium, great fun & history info:
                    General Francis Marion statue awaits you. Friday, October 16, 2009
                 C. Swager: Francis Marion: Stranger Than Fiction
                 W. Turbeville:  John Laurens: The Real Revolutionary
                   Reception/supper in the country with tour enroute
                  Saturday, October 17, 2009
                  G. Summers: Marion’s Bridges Campaign, Escalating Tactics
                  T. Powers: Marion and His Commanders
                 W. Graves: Rev. War Pensions Applications and Research
                Discussions/ Lunch
                  K. MacNutt: Gen. & Mrs. Marion, Families of the Revolution
                  D. Neilan: The Crisis of Command in the Southern Department & Marion correspondence
                  D. Sherrill: Dr. Benjamin Franklin's historical presentation: Politics of War
                    Displays/ Book Signings
                        Dinner: An Evening in Rev. History Dinner Theater With Joe Stukes as
Maj. John James of Marion’s Brigade

Sponsors 2009:  Bank of Clarendon, Manning; J & N Black, Manning; DuBose Campus, Central Carolina Technical College, Manning;  Don Ellis, CPA, Manning; Elliott's Landing, Pinewood; Farmers Telephone Coop, Kingstree; Representative Cathy Harvin, Summerton; The Manning Times; Manning IGA, Lamar Kennedy; Midway Presbyterian Church, New Zion;  NBSC, Manning; Prothro Chevrolet, Manning; G & C Summers, Manning; The Tearcoat Framery, Manning; Turbeville IGA Plus, H. Smith; Turbeville Ruritan Club; and W & D Turbeville, Manning.

Great Experience:  October 10-11, 2008
6th Francis Marion Symposium "draws national crowd" 

   You missed a good one, which exceeded our expections.  Honorable Judge Turbeville reveals Lawyers and the Revolutionium
        “Explore the Rev. War Southern Campaign, Marion & his Contemporaries”
      Immerse yourself in Francis Marion's world and learn from his contemporaries:   Horatio Gates, Nathanael Greene, John Rutledge (In person), Hezekiah Maham, as well as the modern applications of Marion; the Significance of Francis Marion; Lawyers and the Revolution; the South Carolina Militia and An Evening in History With Mary Esther Videau, Life at Pond Bluff with the General.
 Approx. Times:  Friday Oct 10, 2008: 2 PM-10 PM and Saturday Oct 11, 2008: 9 AM-10 PM 
6th Francis Marion/Swamp Fox Symposium
Oct 10-11, 2008   “Exploring the Southern Campaign with Marion and His Contemporaries” 

DuBose Campus, Central Carolina Technical College, I-95, Exit 122, ½ mi E US 521, Manning, SC
Friday, October 10, 2008
       C. Swager: Significance of Marion in the eventual defeat of CornwallisJohn Rutledge on stage at the Francis Marion Symposium
       G. Summers: An Entrepreneur: Francis Marion lessons in a modern economy
       Depart for Tour Old River Road, Half Way Swamp, Richardson Cemetery
       Reception with Indian Artifacts exhibition and Hors d’oeuvres:  Reception, with a tour of sites and murals enroute.
Saturday, October 11, 2008
      W Turbeville:  Lawyers and the Revolution
      T. Powers presents Horatio Gates
     J. Liles presents Nathanael Greene
     Discussions and Lunch
       S. Bell: The S.C. Militia: From Victory to Defeat & Defeat to Victory
       J. Stukes portrays John Rutledge
       W. Montgomery:  Col. Hezekiah Maham as Patriot, Frontier Soldier, Engineer.
      Displays/ Book Signings
       Dinner and An Evening in Revolutionary War History with Mary Esther Videau (Mrs. General Marion) at Pond Bluff by K. MacNutt and Visitor by C. Swager
 Remember you’re in the backcountry with the militia, so be comfortable. (Casual or Rev. History clothes if you like)Mary Esther and friend on stage at symposium
  Inclusions: All Presentations Friday & Saturday
  - Friday – Reception, including heavy Hors D’oeuvres

  - Saturday - Breakfast snacks  - Saturday – Lunch - Saturday - Dinner Theater
   Presentations @ FE DuBose Campus, Central Carolina Technical College, I-95, Exit 122, ½ mi E on US 521, Manning
Questions: George: 803-478-2645, cell: 919-730-3533  or
Mail registration to:  C. Hester: 6th Francis Marion Symposium      
                                    PO Box 667        Manning, SC 29102

Sponsors 2008:  Bank of Clarendon of Manning; Jim and Nell Black of Manning, DuBose Campus, Central Carolina Technical College of Manning; Edward Jones, Randy Bradshaw of Manning; Don Ellis, CPA of Manning; FTC – Farmers Telephone Coop of Kingstree; Representative Cathy Harvin of Summerton, Manning IGA, Lamar Kennedy of Manning; The Manning Times, NBSC of Manning, Prothro Chevrolet Co., Inc, Lannes Prothro of Manning; South Carolina Waterfowl Association, Camp Woodie  of Pinewood; George & Carole Summers of Manning; Turbeville IGA Plus, Hugh Smith of Turbeville.
  Site: FE DuBose Campus of  Central Carolina Technical College, I-95, Exit 122, ½ mi E on US 521, Manning, SC.
  All events included: $95/person, $165/ Couple, Early Bird Fee by 9/21/08: $85 / person ($155 / couple).

       6th annual Francis Marion Symposium draws national crowd
 By Cathy Gilbert  of The Manning Times 10-16-08

      Visitors from as far away as Wisconsin, Michigan, Florida and Massachusetts descended upon Clarendon County last weekend to take part in the sixth annual Francis Marion Symposium, presented by the Swamp Fox Mural Trails Society. Held at F.E. DuBose, the Symposium drew more than 150 attendees who clamored to learn more about their hero, Francis Marion and his compatriots, including Horatio Gates, Nathaniel Greene, John Rutledge and Hezekiah Maham, all names very familiar to Revolutionary War buffs.
       Friday’s presentation was supposed to include a comparison of Marion’s guerilla war tactics to methods for modern day entrepreneurs. Although the presenter had to cancel at the last minute, Symposium organizer George Summers never missed a beat and made the presentation himself. “The most important thing any businessperson can do is to set goals and plan,” Summers said. “In these scary financial times, everyone needs a contingency plan.” Summers said that like Marion, we most know what our assets are. “With a very small band of warriors, Marion was able to keep 1,500 British soldiers tied up all the time. Marion figured out that it was most important to be able to move and feed his troops. If he could do that, he could employ his famous ‘hit and run’ tactics to great success.” Operating in business today is no different, according to Summers. “Marion succeeded by making friends with the populace; that is today’s customer service. He knew how to pick his targets. That is today’s successful market analysis. He knew he had to use unconventional tactics. That is today’s creative thinking,” Summers said. The Friday session concluded with a driving tour to Ft. Watson via the Old River Road in Summerton. A reception was held at Camp Woodie after the tour.
     Saturday morning kicked off with a humorous look at lawyers in Revolutionary War time, presented by Judge Wright Turbeville. Turbeville said that lawyers were not the most popular of professionals in Colonial days. “It was then as it is now … 99 percent of lawyers give the rest of us a bad name,” Turbeville joked. Colonial lawyers were often the sons of wealthy landowners, according to Turbeville. They would be sent back to London, to the “Inns of Court,” where they would live and study by reading the law. This nearly independent study didn’t work for all that were sent, as many of the young men lacked the self-discipline to study and stay away from the nearby pubs. “John Laurens wrote home for more money; Peter Manigault wrote home for more rum,” Turbeville noted.
     Other sessions on Saturday included those by Tom Powers on Horatio Gates and Justin Liles on Nathaniel Greene. Audience members were in for a true delight as noted S.C. Historian Dr. Joseph Stukes donned the persona of John Rutledge and talked about his victories and defeats during the Revolutionary War times. “I was called upon to mitigate the battles between Francis Marion and Thomas Sumter,” Stukes said, as Rutledge. “It didn’t work.”
      Before dinner commenced, Symposium attendees were joined with a large group who had toured Pineville, the home of Hezekiah Maham. The tour was led by Dr. Warner Montgomery, who spoke to the two groups about his own personal hero, Maham.
According to Montgomery, Maham was instrumental in the construction of the tower at Fort Watson here in Clarendon County. Montgomery said that tower led to “the final extinction of the British dominion in South Carolina.”
Dinner included a fascinating presentation by Dr. Karen MacNutt, a Boston attorney who assumed the role of Mary Esther Videau Marion, Francis’ wife. Along with Dr. Christine Swager, in the role of a visiting reporter, the two women discussed Francis’ personality and life at their home in Pine Bluff.
The Symposium would not have been made possible without the generosity of its many sponsors, according to Summers.
“We owe a special debt of gratitude to the individuals and businesses that made this event possible,” he said. “We gratefully recognize the Bank of Clarendon; Jim and Nell Black; Central Carolina Technical College; Edward Jones and Randy Bradshaw; Don Ellis, CPA; Farmers Telephone Coop of Kingstree; Representative Cathy Harvin; Manning IGA and Lamar Kennedy; The Manning Times, NBSC; Prothro Chevrolet Co., Inc. and Lannes Prothro; South Carolina Waterfowl Association and Camp Woodie of Pinewood; and Turbeville IGA Plus and Hugh Smith of Turbeville.”

 General Francis Marion Memorial Day
Enacted by the state of South Carolina May 2, 2007:  
The twenty-seventh day of February of each year is designated as
'General Francis Marion Memorial Day' in honor of this South Carolina Revolutionary War hero."

Francis Marion statue in miniature  The best one yet:  October 19-20, 2007: 5th Francis Marion Symposium, Manning, SC
 Fifth Annual Francis Marion Symposium  - 2007                                      by Chris Swager for SCAR
      The fifth Gen. Francis Marion Seminar, held on October 19 and 20, 2007 in Manning, SC, pulled off another all-star performance giving the public interesting scholarship and demonstrations. SCAR author, Scott Withrow, presented his paper on the myths and realities of Francis Marion in the 1761 Cherokee campaign which paper will be published in SCAR. The Friday program ended with information about the marsh tacky horses and included a trip to Silver Lakes Plantation to see them work.
Eric Nason, dressed in period clothing and taking on the persona of Col. Peter Horry, presented an engaging presentation on Gen. Francis Marion’s most trusted lieutenant. In addition to being a major player in the Southern Campaigns from the beginning of the war through the end, Horry became a general of the SC militia after the war, a member of the SC General Assembly, and namesake of one of South Carolina’s 46 counties. Interestingly at the end of the war, Horry was in a political controversy with his peer, Col. Hesikiah Maham. Eric later demonstrated the difference between 18th Century rifles and muskets, the British and American musket drill and some of the usage of edged weapons of the period.
Daniel J. Tortora, a Ph.D. student at Duke University, presented an excellent paper on religion in South Carolina during the Revolutionary War wherein he looked at the experiences of Anglicans, Baptists and Presbyterians. He chronicled early Patriot efforts to secure the support of Anglican clergymen and backcountry Baptists and Presbyterians. He covered the Drayton-Hart-Tennent political mission to the South Carolina backcountry that attempted to sway those residents to join in the rebellion. He traced the constitutional movement to disestablish the Anglican Church and showed how Patriots incorporated religious freedom into the 1778 state constitution. In addition, he described the wartime struggles and divisions of clergy and congregations and detailed the deprivations of South Carolina churches. Religious life was deeply shaken. At war's end, he argued, the Episcopal Church struggled, the Presbyterians slowly rebuilt and the Baptist church united and thrived under the leadership of Revs. Richard Furman and Edmund Botsford as many new churches were constituted.
      Storyteller and author Christine Swager entertained the attendees by telling about Gen. Marion’s life after the September 1781 Battle of Eutaw Springs.
Retired history professor, Joseph Taylor Stukes, gave a dramatic interpretation of SC General Assembly member, Francis Marion, and USC - Sumter history professor, Thomas Powers, replied as US Congressman Thomas Sumter. Both focused on their subject’s post-war political careers. Dr. Powers did an hour in costume as Thomas Sumter and he was magnificent! Dr. Stukes performed for an hour as Francis Marion in his old age wondering how history would record the events of the war - spellbinding. Joe and Tom did an impromptu presentation for the dinner. Marion was on his porch in 1794 when Thomas Sumter, on his way to Charleston, stopped by. The conversation was sharp with Marion prodding Sumter, giving him an opportunity to talk about the war, their mutual disappointment and disgust at the failed 1779 allied Siege of Savannah, the noted personages Sumter had met in Washington, his increasing distrust of the Federalists, and his vision for South Carolina when the canal will allow traffic by water from Charlotte to Charleston.
George Summers announced that the Harvin Foundation will donate $5,000.00 for a living history event at Bob Cooper Park in February 2008 to sponsor every third grader in Clarendon County, SC for a day visiting with colonial era gunsmiths, weavers, tanners, candlemakers, etc. This program is patterned after an Over Mountain Victory Trail event at the Mineral Museum in NC where they bus children in from as far as Charlotte for the day. Chris and Robert Swager, Carole and George Summers, Dickie and Lulie Felder, and some Jack's Creek militia reenactors attended this event in 2007 and decided they needed to provide that opportunity for their local Clarendon County, SC kids. So lots of efforts to 'push back the frontiers of ignorance' succeeded in executing this project.
 Trevor explored the tools used in the Rev. War era at the Symposium General Thomas Sumter explains his position
 Report  from the 5th Francis Marion Symposium
  October 19-20, 2007,  Central Carolina Technical College Manning, SC
  by Dr. Anthony J. Beninati, Valencia Community College, Orlando, FL
Marion is at the Francis Marion Symposium
     This annual event focuses on the life of General Francis Marion, better known as “The Swamp Fox”, and the role of South Carolina in the American Revolution.  
     Few scholars realize that South Carolina suffered through more battles (63 major encounters with the British and their allies) than all of the other states combined (New York followed with 11).  Once the British abandoned their “New England Strategy” to divide the Northeast following the defeat of General Burgoyne and the capture of his army at Saratoga, NY in October, 1777, few major battles occurred in the North. The last significant encounter took place at Monmouth Courthouse, NJ in 1778.
     In the following year (1779), Britain successfully launched a “Southern Campaign”, quickly taking Savannah, Georgia and then Charleston, South Carolina in 1780.  The English strategy counted on their superior naval power to bombard Southern port cities as well as the allegiance of many local Tories, Americans who sympathized with Mother England due to their trade ties and property interests.  Absent from their calculations was the cunning home-grown military prowess and anti-British fervor of Patriots such as Francis Marion, William, Horry, Thomas Sumter, and many others, especially backwoods Scots-Irish who took up arms against the invaders and their local allies. Marion would become known as "the greatest guerilla fighter of the American Revolution" during what is called the “Civil War” phase of the Revolution, an era depicted in the film The Patriot, starring Mel Gibson.                                     Photo by Barinowski

     The conference began with a warm welcome from symposium organizer George Summers, founder of the Swamp Fox Murals Trail Society.  He introduced key patrons of the conference and recommended a car tour of the Francis Marion murals on the various public buildings in Clarendon County.

     Scott Withrow (“Marion among the Cherokees: Myths and Realities”), a semi-retired educator and part-time ranger at Cowpens National Battlefield (site of a key American victory against the British in January, 1781), examined the role of Native Americans in the Revolutionary War in the Carolinas.  The war bitterly divided Native Americans across the continent as they resisted colonial intrusions into their homelands but also established close ties to Americans through trade and intermarriage.   The northern Iroquois League divided internally when all groups except the Oneida and Tuscarora supported the English, who in 1763 had issued a proclamation prohibited further colonial settlement west of the Allegheny-Appalachian range. Symposium attendees were thrilled to see and touch the Marsh Tackies When the British and their Seneca and Mohawk allies suffered defeat at Saratoga by the Patriots, the Oneida, and the Tuscarora, the Iroquois League suffered from internal disunity.  A similar situation occurred in the Carolinas as the largest groups there – especially the Cherokees – predominately attempted to remain neutral or aligned with the British but had factions that joined the Patriots.  The Sioux-speaking Catawba, traditional enemies of the Cherokee, joined with Francis Marion to fight the British, providing important service as scouts in the inland river areas (“Catawba” is often translated as “River People”).  The session thus explored the many dimensions of the difficult position of Native Americans in what became the United States.
  Photo by Westfall
     The second session on Friday afternoon focused on the role of colonial horses in the fighting of the Southern campaign. ln the session "The Marsh Tacky Horse: History on the Hoof", Ms. Jeannette Beranger, Research and Technical Programs Manager of the American Livestock Breeds Conservancy(ALBC), explored the role of the once-common "Marsh Tacky" breed of horses in the American Revolution, particularly among the partisan South Carolina forces. DNA testing reveals that the Marsh Tacky is a descendant of Spanish colonial horses. By the late 1800s, Tackles likely were found as far north as MyrtleSymposium attendees at Silver Lakes  Plantation Trophy Room. Beach, SC and as far south as St. Simons Island, GA. Significantly smaller (13.5 to 15 hands high) than Arab or Quarter Horses, the five-foot tall Tackles were reliable and good-natured work horses of the Carolina colonists. Breeders consider the modern- day Tacky a steady mount ideal for the wetlands and forests of the region. They do not panic in mud and water unlike the "blood horses" that the British imported for many of their officers. While they had a bulkier body, their long yet narrow chest efficiently functioned to release heat and increased their endurance in the sultry Carolina climate. Marion and his guerrilla warriors saw this horse as providing a distinct advantage over the more skittish and less heat-tolerant mounts of the Redcoat officers.
     The evening concluded with a reception at the Silver Lakes Plantation in nearby Paxville, SC where hosts Don and Annamarie Marshall provided symposium participants with an opportunity to see the Marsh Tackies up close. Breeders Janson Cox of the Dragoon Horse Farm and David Grant, an avid horseman, hunter, and colonial era history enthusiast, demonstrated the breed’s ability to travel the backcountry and swamps of the region.        Photo by Westfall
     The Saturday session began as Erick Nason gave a "Living History" presentation on patriot Peter Horry. ln full white "home-spun cotton" militia-garb (unlike the stereotypical woolen blue and red uniforms), "Horry" related episodes in his activities along with trusted friend Francis Marion in the Revolutionary period. He reported on both the difficulties and successes of their campaigns against the British and their local Tory allies. "Horry" also Francis Marion's friend, Peter Horry visited the symposium to talk about Marion demonstrated the use of the colonial musket and differentiated it from the more sophisticated but less-preferred rifle as a military firearm. Likewise, his al|-leather helmet provided much more practical service (even as a bowl or water ladle) than a "tri-cornered hat"! And he confided that his problem of stuttering or "buck fever" sometimes inhibited his shouting of commands at critical times but never impeded his physical leading of men into a forward charge.
     In "The Alarm of War: Religion and the American Revolution in South Carolina, 1774-1783", Duke University doctoral candidate Daniel J. Tortora assessed how issues of faith caused rifts during the war.  The Anglican (Episcopalian) Church, the "established" official Church of England headed by the King, accounted for approximately 75% of the church membership of the Carolinas. Congregationalist Presbyterians and Baptists composed about 15% of the general population but comprised a much larger percentage of the inhabitants of the backcountry and more ardently supported the Patriot cause. Nevertheless, the official Anglican Church in the Carolinas suffered sharp division among its clergy and membership as many of them offered support for  the rebels. Resistance to the "taxes" of the official church often prodded Americans to defect to the patriot side as much as did parliamentary levies!   Photo by Westfall
     Dr. Christine R. Swager, a retired professor of education, storyteller, and author of several notable books on the American Revolution, provided a comprehensive analysis of Marion’s later activities in her presentation "Marion after Eutaw Springs", a major battle that earned a Congressional Medal for the "Swamp Fox". She recounted his struggles with subordinates and colleagues, his retirement to civilian life, his marriage in his 50s, and his success as a planter and member of the legislature prior to his death in 1795.
     Dr. Thomas Powers, Professor of History at the University of South Carolina, presented a "living history" vignette of the life of “General Thomas Sumter - the Gamecock”, a Carolina veteran of the battlefield and member of the first Congress of the United States in 1789. "Sumter" discussed his ideological struggles as an adherent of "states' rights" as they existed under the Articles of Confederation with his role as a member of the U.S. Congress under the Federalist Constitution. He also explained how this led to a rift between him, Continental General Nathaneal Greene, and Francis Marion due to conflicting lines of military authority between State of South Carolina forces and the congressional Continental Army. Sometimes derided as not being "a team player", “Sumter" argued that the "weathercock" wavering leadership of Governor John Rutledge often left him in an ambiguous military role when the Governor changed his mind about the nature of Sumter’s command of the Carolina forces.
     The personal appearance of the Swamp Fox himself, General Francis Marion, played by Dr. Joseph Taylor Stukes, retired Professor and Dean at Erskine College and Francis Marion College, touched the heartstrings of the audience. "Marion" recounted his trials and tribulations in service to the Revolution from the perspective of his retirement after the war. Proud that he followed the "rules of engagement", “Marion” noted that his men never looted and that he always observed terms of parole imposed on fellow Patriots released by the British. He fondly examined how South Carolinians rather than the Continental Army "won the war."
     The Dinner Theater opened with the talented pianist, Norvelle Walker, playing the Richardson Waltz, which is now the SC State waltz and Bea Rivers and Tommy Brown dancing the waltz.
     Following the dinner featuring dishes such as Mary Esther Videau Cordon Bleu and Spy Nancy Morgan Hart Corn Pudding, Thomas Sumter (Dr. Powers) stopped by to visit Francis Marion (Dr. Stukes). The audience was treated to a dynamic exchange as the two relived their roles in the Southern Campaign.
Sponsors 2007:
 Bank of Clarendon in Manning; Jim & Nell Black of Manning; Black Sheep Promotions, Stephanie & Jeffrey Black of Manning; Citizens Bank of Turbeville; DuBose Campus, Central Carolina Technical College of Manning; Donald L. Ellis, CPA of Manning;  FTC of Kingstree;  Manning IGA, Lamar Kennedy of Manning; Don & Anna Marie Marshall of Silver Lakes Plantation;  NBSC, Bobby Pierce of Manning;    Prothro Chevrolet Co., Inc, Lannes Prothro of Manning;  Santee Electric, Benton Blakely of Kingstree, SC; SEM Works, Jim Black of Greensboro, NC; George & Carole Summers of Manning, SC.

You missed the very best to date: “Marion and the War in South Carolina” 
 Friday, October 19, 2007
  Clarendon County Archives & History Center, Manning, has displays open to you today for their 10th Anniversary.
     Scott Withrow:  Francis Marion Among the Cherokee: Myths and Realities 
     J. Beranger & Marsh Tacky owners:  The Marsh Tacky Horse: History on the Hoof
    Jeannette Beranger, The Marsh Tacky Owners and their horses
   Reception with the Marsh Tacky (to demonstrate their qualities for riding the backcountry and swamps 225 years ago): Silver Lakes Plantation 
 Saturday, October 20, 2007  Revised 10-20-07
      Erick Nason: Peter Horry, Marion’s most trusted Confident.
   Daniel J. Tortora: "The Alarm of War": Religion and  the American Revolution in South Carolina, 1774-1783
   Peter Horry demonstrates the Manuel to Arms
   Discussions and Catered Lunch
  Christine Swager:  Marion after Eutaw Springs
    Joe Stukes as General Francis Marion and T. Powers as General Thomas Sumter
  Displays and Book Signings
    Dinner Theater: An Evening in Revolutionary War History When Marion and Sumter Converse;
    as well as The Richardson Waltz (State Waltz of South Carolina) will be played and waltzed to.

   This was the 5th Francis Marion Symposium October 19-20, 2007
     The Marsh Tacky: South Carolina Farmer Magazine provides background about the Marsh Tacky.
      Recent DNA testing shows the marsh tacky is a descendant of Spanish colonial horses. By the late 1800s, tackies were reported to have been found in the area as far north as Myrtle Beach and as far south as St. Simons Island, Ga.

      Tackies were found all over St. Helena, Daufuskie and Hilton Head islands up through the 1950’s.  The little horses -- which stand about 5 feet tall and are known for their sure-footedness, their gentle dispositions and their ability to remain calm in the water -- were used for transporting goods, plowing and providing private transportation for children and adults. 

      Tackies more than 50 years ago were on Hilton Head Island and brought over on a ferry.  Tackies began disappearing after people stopped farming on the islands; and when the bridge to Hilton Head Island was built in the 1950s. Tackies have a good temperament, long manes, tails that drag to the ground and hips that turn straight down instead of rounded like quarter horses. Also, the horse is easy to break in for riding.

     Francis Marion’s militia probably would have ridden the marsh tacky 225 years ago and Tarleton's men did too.
  Site Location:   Central Carolina Technical College, FE DuBose Campus, Manning, SC.
 This is on US 521, 1 mile east of I-95, exit 122. Manning, SC 29102
See Francis Marion related items for sale.
           Participate with your attendance!!
                                             Francis Marion Symposium
                                             Mr. C. Hester, Treasurer
                                             PO Box 667 
                                             Manning, SC 29102

Questions:  George Summers 803-478-2645
Latest Info & Details at
Drum and Fifes at 3rd Francis Marion Symposium

Drum and fifes (Ray Moran, Garland Hart and Dan Culpepper) at Francis Marion Symposium 2005 were a big hit. 
Photo provided by The Item.   Videos Available: (2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008)

   By Sandi Chaney in The Item

         Karen MacNutt came from Massachusetts for the second year in a row to learn about Francis Marion and area history.  “I have been a big Revolutionary War fan, in particular a fan of the Southern campaign, and in particular a fan of Francis Marion for more years than I can remember,” she said, “probably from the time that Walt Disney created the “Swamp Fox” television productions with Leslie Nielsen.   But I quickly realized the man (Marion) was much more complex, much more interesting than he's ever been portrayed in fiction.   I've read a lot of biographies, and many people who were in the army during the Revolutionary War were pretty shallow.  But some are real patriots and have quite a depth.  I think Marion felt the cause passionately.”

      MacNutt believes there are some valuable life lessons to be learned from studying Marion's life and times – lessons that transcend the man himself.  “They had nothing, really,” she said.  “Everybody was surrendering, but he didn't do that.  He kept going, and by the force of his own character, he kept things together.  It's a lesson we can all learn, that if something is worth having, it requires you to fight hard for it.  The fact that you don't have everything you need or you don't have the best of everything just means you have to be smarter than the next guy.  And if you have that force of character, that force of will, the commitment, and a belief in something bigger than yourself, you will have the advantage.”
        “People have to have a feeling for their history or they lose it,” said MacNutt.  “They lose a sense of who they are and why they're here.”

otel Accommodations near Exits on I-95 in South Carolina
Motels at exit 119 are closest to Symposium site CCTC at exit 122.

American's Best Inn - Exit 108 Summerton
Baymont Inn  – Exit 119 Manning
 803-473-5334 / 877-229-6668 
Days Inn of Manning – Exit 119 Manning
Days Inn of Summerton – Exit 108
 803-485-2865 / 800-329-7466  
Hampton Inn - Exit 119
Happy Pause Bed & Breakfast - Exit 119
Quality Inn - Exit 119 Manning
Ramada Inn  – Exit 119 Manning
 803-473-5135 / 800-2RAMADA 
Randolph's Landing - Exit 108
     803-478-2152 / 800-BIG-CATS
Sunset Motel - Exit 115
803-473-2561 fax 803-473-3822 
Super 8 Motel - Exit 119 Manning
Villas at Wyboo – Exit 108
 803-478-5752 / 888-284-5527

Book your own room!   Questions:  Francis Marion Symposium
        PO Box 667         Manning, SC 29102
803-478-2645 Or  E-mail 

Restaurants in Manning, Summerton & Turbeville, SC:
Arby's, Manning
Bojangles, Manning
Burger Chick, Manning
Burger King, Manning
Chat n’Chew, Turbeville
China Buffet, Manning
Clarendon Grill, Manning

Corner Diner & Grill, Manning
D & H Bar-B-Que, Manning
Eddie's Bar-B-Que, Turbeville
Georgio's Pizza & Greek
Goat Island, Lake Marion
Hardee's, Manning
Huddle House, Manning  J & E's, Davis Station
Johnson's Fish Shop, Manning
Kentucky Fried Chicken, Manning
Manning Restaurant, Manning
Mariachi's, Manning
McCabe's Bar-B-Que, Manning
McDonald's, Manning
The Palms at Wyboo, Lake Marion
Pizza Hut, Manning
Randolph's, Lake Marion
Sandwiche Castle, Manning
Shoney's, Manning
Sonic, Manning
Sub Station II, Manning
Subway, Manning
Summerton Diner, Summerton
TA Travel Center, Manning
Waffle House, Manning
Wendy's, Manning
Yucatan, Manning
Zaxby's, Manning
Names provided for your info, not endorsements.

Early Francis Marion Symposium History 2003-2006
Visit the Swamp Fox Murals Trail.

Gen. Francis Marion played a major role in the American Revolution.
Many of these engagements took place in the Clarendon County area. According to Professor Henry Lumpkin
about a third of all battles were fought in S.C. and Marion had a hand in roughly a third of those. 
 During this symposium we want to explore the man, the tactics and the effect he had on the overall war effort.
Make check payable to Francis Marion Symposium (non-refundable after 10/9/10)

Mail to:  Francis Marion Symposium
PO Box 667
Manning, SC 29102

Questions call   803-478-2645  or E-mail

Book your own room and advise motel you are attending symposium for the special rates. 
Transportation and accommodations:  responsibility of attendee.


Rev. Encampment & Living History February 25-26, 2011  Best one ever.
"Celebrate Gen. Francis Marion Memorial Day" in Summerton, SC.
Symposium and Encampment featured in SCIWay, South Carolina Information Highway.
Coverage of the Francis Marion Symposium appears in "Smoke & Fire News",
July 2003 & 2005:
and "Carologue", Fall 2003, Publication of SC Historical Society

 Francis Marion Tour through Stars and Stripes Events from Iowa
"American Revolution event Tour:  “The Swamp Fox: Francis Marion, Hero of the Revolutionary War in South Carolina.”
 Nov 4th (8 PM) through Nov 7th (5 PM), 2009. The real Francis Marion is even more exciting than the character
Walt Disney shared with us many years ago; or that Mel Gibson sought to portray in the “Patriot.”"
Francis Marion in the Mural of Swamp Fox at Ox Swamp in Manning, SC ©2001
Marion designated "Swamp Fox" by Tarleton at Ox Swamp
Swamp Fox Mural Trail - Manning, SC
Payment:  Check made payable to Francis Marion Symposium 
(non-refundable after 10/8/11)   Mail to:
Francis Marion Symposium
PO Box 667
Manning, SC 29102
Questions call  803-478-2645
or E-mail:

Book your own room and advise motel you are attending symposium for the special rates. 
Transportation and accommodations:  Responsibility of attendee.

Mural of Battle of Tearcoat Swamp in Turbeville, SC ©2002
Battle of Tearcoat Swamp at night - Swamp Fox Mural Trail - Turbeville, SC
Siege of Fort Watson is newest mural in Summerton on Swamp Fox Murals Trail. ©2002
Siege of Fort Watson is mural in Summerton on Swamp Fox Murals Trail.
Symposium Hosted by Swamp Fox Murals Trail Society
Questions call:  803-478-2645 or E-mail:

Check out:  South Carolina's Front Door Website:
SCIway - The South Carolina Information Highway

Visit Revolutionary War History with Francis Marion
or Clarendon Murals or Swamp Fox Murals Trail
Site maintained by Francis Marion Symposium Webmaster